Wednesday, August 12, 2009

Window on Eurasia: Sakhalin Residents Petition to Have Their Territory Transferred to Japan

Paul Goble

Vienna, August 12 – A group of Sakhalin residents, after a visit to Tokyo, are not only studying Japanese but also collecting signatures on a petition asking that Moscow hand over their island to Japan so that they can live and raise their children in a rich, modern country that is not fighting a war with anyone else.
This remarkable action surfaced today when radical Moscow commentator Valeriya Novodvorskaya reported in her column that one of the organizers, who she indicated had to remain anonymous for obvious reasons, had approached her to ask to whom he should forward their appeal (
Novodvorskaya said that she advised him to “send the signatures to the Japanese emperor” where they could serve as “compensation” for the harm that Japan has experienced at Russia’s hands given Moscow’s continuing unwillingness ever to return the four islands Soviet forces seized at the end of World War II.
The columnist pointed out that “typically supporters of a powerful state of the junior officer level point to Japan’s role in World War II as an aggressor and the seizure of islands from her as a former of punishment. But if this is so,” Novodvorskaya said, then she “knows another country which unleashed the second world war and thus should be considered an aggressor too.”
That country is “our Russia,” which despite that managed to seize not a small group of islands but “a good chunk of Poland in the form of Western Ukraine and Belarus and also Bessarabia, that is, Moldova” – areas that passed out of Moscow’s “pirate hands” only after 1991 when those countries became independent.
But if those territories now are in the hands of others, the Grani columnist continued, another war prize Moscow took in is not: Vyborg. That was land Stalin seized from Finland during the winter war, an action for which “the Soviet Union was excluded from the League of Nations! So why should Vyborg not be returned to Finland?”
These are not issues even Russian liberals have wanted to talk about, she said. Only Gennady Burbulis in the early 1990s was prepared to return the four islands to Japan, and after he was attacked by the nationalists and not defended by then-President Boris Yeltsin, no one else in that camp has shown much interest in taking the risk of backing the idea.
But in the near future, Novodvorskaya suggested, they and other Russians may have to face up to more demands of this kind. Many in Kaliningrad have “long been dreaming about their return to the world of the first European economy, and they have an organization that is pressing for such that.
If Hitler and Stalin were each “half responsible” for the start of the war, she argued, then “why should Koenigsberg and the grave of Kant remain with [Russia}? For the ‘Philosopher boats?’” – a reference to Lenin’s expulsion by ship of the flower of the pre-1917 Russian intelligentsia in 1922.
Moreover, she wrote, the Far East routinely looks toward America and as this case showed even toward Japan, pointedly noting that in contrast, “Alaska is not thinking about joining the Russian Federation.” The Caucasus is also looking for a way out, and it is even possible, she suggested, that people in Eastern and Western Siberia are thinking that way as well.
One indication that these are not entirely frivolous pursuits, she said, is that those considering leaving are to be found “in the holy of holies of the regime – in the military and defense sector,” where some senior officers “not having received the apartments they were promised sent a declaration to the US saying that they wanted to serve in the American army.”
Thus, “the collection of signatures on Sakhalin is not a rarity. Soon they will begin to be collected in Moscow.” And according to Novodvorskaya, just one thing remains: “to divide up the territory and people of Russia among the United States, Japan and the European Union” so that the Russian people will be able to live better.
As for Putin, Medvedev and the chekists surrounding them, the outspoken Moscow commentator concluded, they and others like them should be put inside a special Moscow park limited to the territory of the Kremlin, the Lubyanka, and the White House “and then shown to tourists for a fee.”

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